The Eger Castle (Hungarian: Egri vár) is a castle in Eger,
Hungary. Historically, it is known for repelling the Turkish attack in
1552 during the Siege of Eger.
The first castle was built on the high hill named Várhegy at
Felsőtárkány near Eger.
During the Mongol invasion in 1241, this castle was ruined, and
the bishop of Eger moved it to a rocky hill in the city of Eger. On
the hill, a new castle was built, and it developed rapidly. In 1470 a
Gothic palace was built. In 1552, a Turkish army of 35,000-40,000
soldiers attacked the castle which had 2,100-2,300 defenders. The
siege failed as the Turks suffered heavy casualties. A total of 1,700
of the defenders survived. After that Turks besieged the castle again
in 1596, resulting in a Turkish victory. In 1701, the Austrians
exploded half of the castle (the Külső vár).
Photo 1822s, Sept 2008