Smithsonian Arts and Industries Building
The Arts and Industries Building is the second oldest of the
Smithsonian museums on the National Mall. Initially
named the National Museum, it was built to provide the Smithsonian
with its first proper facility for public display of its growing
collections. The building, designed by architects Adolf Cluss and
Paul Schulze, opened in 1881, hosting an inaugural ball for President
James A. Garfield. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in
1971. After being closed for renovation, the building opened in the
spring of 2016 for events and exhibitions.
The Arts and Industries Building was sited slightly farther back
from the Mall than the Smithsonian Castle to avoid obscuring the view
of the Castle from the Capitol. The building was designed to be
symmetrical, composed of a Greek cross with a central rotunda.
Nov 2016, Photo 351