Cardinal



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The northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird, common cardinal or just cardinal (which was its name prior to 1985). It can be found in southeastern Canada, through the eastern United States from Maine to Minnesota to Texas, and south through Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. It is also an introduced species in a few locations such as Bermuda and Hawaii. Its habitat includes woodlands, gardens, shrublands, and wetlands.

The northern cardinal is a mid-sized songbird with a body length of 21–23 cm (8.3–9.1 in). It has a distinctive crest on the head and a mask on the face which is black in the male and gray in the female. The male is a vibrant red, while the female is a reddish olive color. The northern cardinal is mainly granivorous, but also feeds on insects and fruit. The male behaves territorially, marking out his territory with song. During courtship, the male feeds seed to the female beak-to-beak. A clutch of three to four eggs is laid, and two to four clutches are produced each year. It was once prized as a pet, but its sale as a cage bird was banned in the United States by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918.


Cardinal

Photo 0581, Kittery, July 2020


Cardinal

Photo 0545, Kittery, July 2020


Cardinal

Photo 0545d, Kittery, July 2020


Cardinal

Photo 0543, Kittery, July 2020


Cardinal

Photo 228, Kittery, Apr 2020


Cardinal

Photo 229, Kittery, Apr 2020


Cardinal with fledgling

Photo 275, Kittery, Apr 2020


Cardinal fledgling

Photo 18, Kittery, May 2020


Cardinal fledgling

Photo 19, Kittery, May 2020


Cardinal fledgling

Photo 20, Kittery, May 2020


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